Web Peer Production Timeline

A brief timeline of some important events in the history of peer production on the web (sort of, really the larger 21st century web), just so I can keep the chronology straight for myself. I’ve assembled this as part of prep for an article on the history of Wikipedia, so events I think of as connected to Wikipedia’s emergence are privileged.

This is a note-to-self sort of thing. I constructed it idiosyncratically, remembering things that seemed important at the time and snowballing from there. It’s not meant to be exhaustive or representative.

  • Spring 1985: The WELL founded
  • October 1985: Free Software Foundation Formed
  • August 1998: IRC Created
  • February 1989: GNU GPL Version 1 released
  • April 1989: MP3 Patented
  • July 1990: Electronic Frontier Foundation formed
  • January 1991: First Web Servers Available
  • September 1991: First Linux Kernel Available
  • September 1993: Release of NCSA Mosaic Browser / AOL adds USENET (“Endless September”)
  • January 1994: Yahoo! Founded
  • July 1994: Amazon Founded / WIPO Green Paper on IP (DMCA groundwork)
  • September 1994: W3C Formed
  • November 1994: Beta releases of Netscape Available / Geocities Founded as “Beverly Hills Internet”
  • March 1995: Ward Cunningham releases first wiki software
  • April 1995: First Apache Webserver Release (0.6.2)
  • July 1995: Geocities Expands “Cities” Available for Users
  • August 1995: Netscape IPO / Internet Explorer 1.0 released
  • December 1995: Altavista search engine launches
  • February 1996: Communications decency act passes / “Declaration of Independence of Cyberspace” published
  • December 1996: Flash 1.0 released
  • May 1997: Amazon IPO
  • September 1997: Slashdot begins
  • October 1997: Explorer 4.0 (version that will take majority market share from Netscape) released
  • December 1997: RSS Created / Term “Weblog” Coined
  • April 1998: BoingBoing.net at current web address (sources say it began 1995)
  • May 1998: Microsoft anti-trust case (Browser bundling) begins
  • August 1998: Pets.com Founded/Geocities IPO/Blogger launched
  • September 1998: Google Founded
  • November 1998: Netscape releases source code for communicator
  • January 1999: Yahoo! buys Geocities
  • June 1999: Napster service begins
  • November 1999: Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace published
  • December 1999: Lawsuit against Napster begins
  • January 2000: 16 Dot-com companies run superbowl commercials / AOL-Time Warner Merger Announced
  • March 2000: Nupedia goes online
  • March 2000: NASDAQ Peaks and begins to decline / Gnutella released
  • November 2000: Pets.com defunct
  • January 2001: Wikipedia goes online / Creative Commons Launched
  • February 2001: Peak Napster Users
  • July 2001: Napster Shut Down
  • September 2001: Moveable Type Blog Software announced
  • August 2002: “Coase’s Penguin” published
  • March 2003: Friendster goes online
  • May 2003: WordPress released
  • June 2003: First “Flash Mob”
  • August 2003: Myspace Launched
  • February 2004: Flickr launched / Facebook Launched
  • May 2004: Anarchist in the library published
  • October 2004: First Web 2.0 Summit
  • November 2004: Digg Launched
  • February 2005: YouTube Launched
  • June 2005: Reddit Launched
  • March 2006: English wikipedia has 1 million articles
  • April 2006: Wealth of Networks published
  • May 2006: “Digital Maoism” published
  • June 2006: Term “crowdsourcing” coined / Myspace Overtakes Google as most visited site
  • January 2007: Wikipedia’s editor population peaks and begins to decline (largely unacknowleged until 2009 or so)
  • September 2007: English Wikipedia has 2 million articles
  • February 2008: Here Comes Everybody Published
  • April 2008: Facebook overtakes Myspace as most visited social networking site
  • October 2010: Limewire shuts down
  • August 2015: Facebook reports one billion uses in a single day

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